Child Health Screening & Vaccination

Parents embark on a lifelong commitment to nurturing and safeguarding their children’s health from birth. A big part of this responsibility is ensuring they have completed their health screenings and vaccinations. These proactive measures are crucial to make sure your children grow healthy and happy.

What is child health screening, and why is it important?

Child health screening is a series of tests and examinations to monitor a child’s growth, development, and overall health. These screenings aid in the early detection and prevention of potential diseases, allowing for timely intervention and treatment. 

Identifying health concerns early on will allow parents and paediatricians to work together and ensure the best possible outcomes for the child’s health and development.

Common child health screening & tests

Physical examination

A physical examination is thoroughly performed to assess the child’s overall health, including checking for any abnormalities or signs of illness.

Height and weight measurements

Regular height and weight measurements help track the child’s growth patterns and ensure they are within healthy ranges for age and gender.

Vision screening

Vision screening assesses the child’s visual acuity and detects any vision problems that may require further evaluation by an eye specialist.

Hearing screening

Hearing screening tests are performed to identify hearing impairments or abnormalities in auditory function.

Blood tests

Blood tests may be ordered to assess various health parameters, including blood cell counts, cholesterol levels, and markers of organ function.

Urine tests

Urine tests help evaluate kidney function, detect urinary tract infections, and identify other potential health issues.

Developmental screening

A developmental assessment evaluates the child’s cognitive, social, emotional, and motor development to detect early developmental delays or disorders. 

Screening for developmental disorders

Screening for child developmental disorders such as autism or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be recommended based on the child’s risk factors or presenting symptoms.

Newborn screening

Newborn health screening is recommended after a baby is born. It is a critical component of newborn care, to detect certain genetic, metabolic, and developmental conditions that may not be apparent at birth but can cause significant health problems if left untreated. The following tests are included in the screening.

  • Hearing screening: Identifies hearing impairments early on to facilitate timely intervention.
  • Bloodspot screening: Screens for metabolic disorders such as phenylketonuria (PKU) and cystic fibrosis.
  • Bilirubin level testing: Assesses jaundice levels in newborns, which can indicate liver or blood cell problems.
  • Metabolic screening: Detects metabolic disorders that may affect the body’s ability to break down certain substances.
  • Congenital hypothyroidism screening: Identifies thyroid hormone deficiency, which can lead to growth and developmental issues if untreated.
  • Visual screening: Checks for eye abnormalities or conditions that may affect vision.
  • Blood group and Rh Factor testing: Determines the child’s blood type and Rh factor, which is important for future medical interventions.
  • Bacterial infections screening: Screens for bacterial infections that may require immediate treatment.
  • Vitamin K injection: Administered shortly after birth to prevent bleeding disorders.
  • PKU reconfirmation test: Confirms the presence of phenylketonuria, a metabolic disorder.
  • Hemoglobinopathy screening: Screens for blood disorders like sickle cell disease or thalassemia.
  • Serological tests for infectious diseases: Checks for infections such as HIV, hepatitis B, and syphilis to prevent transmission from mother to child.

Childhood vaccinations

Vaccination is part of child health screening, meant to protect children from severe and potentially life-threatening diseases. Vaccines encourage the immune system to generate antibodies against specific pathogens, providing immunity against future infections. Here are some recommended childhood vaccines:

  • Flu vaccine: Protects against seasonal influenza viruses.
  • Child BCG vaccine: Prevents tuberculosis, a bacterial infection primarily affecting the lungs.
  • Child chickenpox vaccine: Provides immunity against the varicella-zoster virus, which causes chickenpox.
  • Child influenza vaccine: Similar to the flu vaccine, it is formulated for children.
  • Hepatitis A vaccine: Prevents hepatitis A, a viral liver infection.
  • HPB child vaccination: Immunisation schedule recommended by the Health Promotion Board.
  • HPV vaccine: Guards against human papillomavirus infection, which is a risk factor for cervical cancer.
  • Meningitis vaccine: Protects against bacterial meningitis, a severe brain and spinal cord infection.
  • Pneumococcal vaccine: Prevents infections caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae, including pneumonia and meningitis.
  • Pneumonia vaccine: Provides immunity against pneumonia, a common respiratory infection.

Eczema in children

Health screenings can detect atopic dermatitis in children, otherwise known as eczema. Inflamed, itchy skin rashes characterise eczema. This chronic condition is believed to result from genetic predisposition, abnormal immune responses, and environmental triggers such as allergens, irritants, and climate.

Eczema can appear in children as early as infancy or later in childhood.

Eczema treatment for children

Treatment for childhood eczema typically involves a combination of skincare measures, topical medications, and lifestyle modifications. This may include:

  • Emollients: Moisturisers to keep the skin hydrated and prevent dryness.
  • Topical Steroids: Anti-inflammatory creams or ointments to reduce itching and inflammation during flare-ups.
  • Topical Calcineurin Inhibitors: Medications that suppress the immune response and reduce inflammation.
  • Antihistamines: Oral medications to relieve itching and promote better sleep.
  • Avoidance of triggers: Identifying and avoiding triggers such as certain foods, environmental allergens, and irritants.

Child health screening and vaccination in Singapore

Child health screenings and vaccinations are essential for safeguarding children’s health and well-being. By prioritising preventive care and early intervention, parents can ensure their children grow healthy and thriving. 

At Singapore Women’s & Children’s Medical Group, we offer comprehensive paediatric health screening and vaccination services to ensure your child’s health and well-being. Our experienced specialists work closely with you to address any concerns and ensure your child receives the highest quality of care.

Schedule a health check-up for your child today.

Frequently Asked Questions

Child health screenings typically check for various health conditions, including developmental delays, vision and hearing impairments, metabolic disorders, and infectious diseases. These screenings detect potential issues early, allowing for timely intervention and treatment.

Health screenings for children with special needs or chronic conditions may be more frequent and comprehensive to monitor their health status and address specific concerns. Healthcare providers may also tailor screenings to accommodate these children’s unique needs and challenges.

Childhood vaccines are carefully tested for safety and effectiveness before approval. While they may cause minor side effects like soreness or low-grade fever, serious reactions are rare. The protection vaccines provide against dangerous diseases is much greater than any potential risks.

Some vaccines provide lifelong immunity, while others require booster shots to maintain immunity over time. The need for booster shots depends on the specific vaccine and the individual’s immune response. Healthcare providers can advise on the recommended vaccination schedule for optimal protection.

Parents can manage and prevent eczema flare-ups in their children by following a consistent skincare routine, avoiding triggers and environmental allergens, and using prescribed medications as directed by a healthcare provider. Keeping the skin hydrated and moisturised is essential for managing eczema symptoms.

Eczema can significantly impact a child’s quality of life and daily activities, causing discomfort, itching, and sleep disturbances. Children with eczema may experience social and emotional challenges due to visible skin rashes and ongoing symptoms. Early diagnosis and eczema management can help improve the child’s quality of life and overall well-being.

Our child health screening specialists

Dr Janice Wong Tzen Yuen

Paediatrics, Neurology, Child Development

Dr Janice Wong Tzen Yuen is a paediatrician specialising in paediatric neurology and neuro-disability. With expertise in managing newborn and childhood diseases, she focuses on paediatric neurology and developmental disorders such as global developmental delay, speech delay, autism spectrum disorder, and ADHD. Dr. Wong is also skilled in caring for children with cerebral palsy and other neuro-disabilities. 

Dr Tan Yean Swee Angelin​


Dr Tan Yean Swee Angelin is a specialist in paediatric services with broad experience caring for newborns, children, and teenagers. She has contributed to medical journals such as the British Medical Journal and the European Journal of Paediatrics, covering topics like chickenpox and the varicella vaccine, chronic diarrhoea and inflammatory bowel disease, parenteral nutritional support, and non-neurological symptoms of intracranial tumours.

Dr Liew Woei Kang

Paediatrics, Allergy, Immunology & Rheumatology

Dr Liew Woei Kang is a paediatrician with specialised expertise in paediatric allergy, immunology, and rheumatology. He has extensive experience in diagnosing and managing various conditions, including asthma, allergic rhinitis, eczema, food and drug allergies, and immunological disorders. Dr Liew is also skilled in treating rheumatological conditions like Kawasaki disease and juvenile arthritis.

Dr Lee Le Ye

Paediatrics, Neonatology

Why choose
Singapore Women's & Children's
Medical Group?

At Singapore Women’s & Children’s Medical Group, we understand the needs of families with children. Our multidisciplinary team of experienced medical specialists is dedicated to providing comprehensive care across obstetrics, gynaecology, and paediatrics. Here are some reasons to choose us for your child’s health screening and vaccination needs.

Full spectrum of Obstetrics & Gynaecology and tertiary Paediatric services

We provide comprehensive services in Obstetrics & Gynecology and paediatric care. In addition to general Obstetrics & Gynecology, our specialists are skilled in managing sub-specialties like maternal-fetal medicine, fertility, gynecologic oncology, and urogynecology. Our paediatric specialists offer care in general paediatrics and specialised areas including neonatology, neurology, child development, allergy, immunology, and rheumatology.

Team of experienced medical specialists

Our obstetrics and gynaecology and paediatric medical specialists have proven track records and diverse subspecialties of expertise, which allow us to provide comprehensive, coordinated, and convenient care through cross-referrals and joint patient management.

Dedicated management team

Our Group Chief Executive Officer, Directors and management team are actively involved in the management of our medical clinics, which enables us to respond quickly to the requirements of our patients and to make decisions promptly.